- Dicing and gaming by F N David
- The beginnings of probability calculus by M G Kendall
- A Note on playing cards by M G Kendall
- The Book of Fate by M G Kendall
- Random mechanisms in Talmudic literature by A M Hasofer
- Where shall the history of statistics begin? by M G Kendall
- Medical statistics from Graunt to Farr by M Greenwood
- The principle of the arithmetic mean by R L Plackett
- A note on the early solutions of the problem of the duration of play by A R Thatcher
- An essay towards solving a problem in the doctrine of chances by T Bayes (with a biographical note by G A Barnard)
- The most probable choice between several discrepant observations and the formulation therefrom of the most likely induction by D Bernoulli (with observations by L Euler and an introductiory note by M G Kendall)
- A note on the history of the graphical presentation of nature by E Royston
- Thomas Young on coincidences by M G Kendall
- Notes on the history of correlation by Karl Pearson
- The historical development of the Gauss linear model by H L Seal
- On the early history of the law of large numbers by O B Sheynin
- A note on the early statistical study of literary style by C B Williams
- De Morgan and the statistical study of literary style by R D Lord
- Isaac Todhunter's History of the Mathematical Theory of Probability by M G Kendall
- Francis Ysidro Edgeworth, 1845-1926 by M G Kendall
- Walter Frank Raphael Weldon, 1860-1926 by Karl Pearson
- Some incidents in the early history of biometry and statistics 1890-94 by E S Pearson
- Some reflexions on continuity in the development of mathematical statistics, 1885-1920 by E S Pearson
- William Sealy Gosset, 1876-1937 (1) ``Student'' as a man by L McMullen, (2) ``Student'' as a statistician by E S Pearson
- Some early correspondence between W S Gosset, R A Fisher and Karl Pearson with notes and comments by E S Pearson
- George Udny Yule, 1871-1951 by M G Kendall
- Karl Pearson 1857 (1957). A centenary lecture delivered at University College London by J B S Haldane
- Ronald Aylmer Fisher, 1890-1962 by M G Kendall
- The Neyman-Pearson story: 1926-1934. Historical sidelights on an episode in Anglo-Polish collaboration

- APPENDIX Summary of contents of Karl Pearson's lectues on the History of Statistics in the 17th and 18th Centuries

- On the possible and probable in Ancient Greece by S Sambursky
- Probability in the Talmud by N L Rabinovitch
- Combinations and probabilities in rabbinic literature by N L Rabinovitch
- A Budget of paradoxes by H L Seal
- An argument for Divine Providence, taken from the constant regularity observ'd in the births of both sexes by J Arbuthnot
- Measurement in the study of society by M G Kendall
- The early history of index numbers by M G Kendall
- Abraham De Moivre's 1733 derivation of the normal curve: a bibliographical note by R S Daw and E S Pearson
- The historical development of the use of generating functions in probability theory by H L Seal
- Boscovich and the combination of observations by C Eisenhart
- Daniel Bernoulli on the normal law by O B Sheynin
- D Bernoulli's work on probability by O B Sheynin
- Progress in the middle of the eighteenth century. Süssmilch and his contemporaries. Estimates and enumerations of population. Progess of theory at the close of the eighteenth century by H Westergaard.
- Leading British statisticians of the nineteenth century by P J FitzPatrick
- Notes on the history of quantification in sociology trends, sources and problems by P F Lazerfeld
- Laplace, Fisher, and the discovery of the concept of sufficiency by S M Stigler
- The discovery of the method of least squares by R L Plackett
- Development of the notion of statistical dependence by H O Lancaster
- Florence Nightingale as a statistician by E W Kopf
- On the history of some statistical laws of distribution by O B Sheynin
- The work of Ernst Abbe by M G Kendall
- Entropy, probability and information by M G Kendall
- A history of random processes. I. Brownian motion from Brown to Perrin by S G Brush
- Branching processes since 1873 by D G Kendall
- The simple brancning process, a turing point test and a fundamental inequality: a historical note on I.J. Bienaymé by C C Heyde and E Seneta
- Simon Newcomb, Percy Daniell, and the history of robust estimation 1885-1920 by S M Stigler
- The hypothesis of elementary errors and the Scandinavian school in statistical theory by C-E Särndal
- On the history of certain expansions used in mathematical statistics by H Cramér
- Historical survey of the development of sampling theories and practice by You Poh Seng
- Sir Arthur Lyon Bowley (1869-1957) by W F Maunder
- Note on the history of sampling methods in Russia by S S Zarkovic
- A supplement to ``Note on the history of sampling methods in
Russia'' by S S Zarkovic.
### STUDIES IN THE HISTORY OF STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY

*Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability*, edited by E S Pearson and M G Kendall, Griffin 1970 and Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability, Volume II, edited by M G Kendall and R L Plackett, Griffin 1977, contain all of numbers I to XXXII of the occasional series Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability. There are in fact two diferent papers numbered XXI, one by O B Sheynin and the other by M G Kendall; however, the latter, hereafter denoted XXI*bis*is unique in that it first appeared in*Rev. Int. Stat. Inst.*rather than in*Biometrika*, which is where all the other papers first appeared.Numbers I to XXI appear in the first volume as papers with the following Arabic numbers:

I - 1; II - 2; III - 12; IV - 17; V - 3; VI - 9; VII - 8; VIII - 18; IX - 10; X - 6; XI - 11; XII - 4; XIII - 19; XIV - 22; XV - 15; XVI - 5; XVII - 23; XVIII - 13; XIX - 20; XX - 25; XXI - 16.

Numbers XXI bis and XXII to XXXII appear in Volume II as papers with the following Arabic numbers:

XXI bis - 7; XXII - 2; XXIII - 11; XXIV - 3; XXV - 20; XXVI - 21; XXVII - 27; XXVIII - 28; XXIX - 17; XXX - 8; XXXI - 25; XXXII - 16.

### PAPERS IN THE SERIES NOT INCLUDED IN EITHER VOLUME

- XXIII. Cauchy and the Witch of Agnesi: An historical note on the
Cauchy distribution by S M Stigler,
*Biometrika***61**(1974), 375-380. - XXXIV. Napoleonic statistics: The work of Laplace by S M Stigler,
*Biometrika***62**(1975), 503-517. - XXXV. Multiple decrements or competing risks by H L Seal,
*Biometrika***64**(1977), 429-439. - XXXVI. Arthur Black: A forgotten pioneer of mathematical
statistics by D A MacKenzie,
*Biometrika***64**(1977), 613-616. - XXXVII. A M Turing's statistical work in World War II by I J
Good,
*Biometrika***66**(1979), 393-396. - XXXVIII. R H Smith, a Victorian interested in robustness by S M
Stigler,
*Biometrika***67**(1980), 217-221. - XXXIX. Buffon's cycloid by P Holgate,
*Biometrika***68**(1981), 712-716; Amendments and Corrections**69**(1982), 491. - XL. Simpson and a 1760 Manuscript Note on Fitting a Linear Relation
by S M Stigler,
*Biometrika***71**(1984), 615-620. - XLI. Waring and Sylvester on Random Algebraic Equations by P
Holgate,
*Biometrika***73**(1986), 228-231. - XLII. Further details of contacts between Boscovitch and Simpson
in June 1760 by RW Farebrother,
*Biometrika***77**(1990), 397-400. - XLIII Karl Pearson and Quasi-Independence by S M Stigler,
*Biometrika***79**(1992), 563-575. - XLIV A Forerunner of the
*t*-Distribution by J. Pfanzagl and O Sheynin,*Biometrika***83**(1996), 891-898. - XLV. The Late Philip Holgate's Paper `Independent Functions:
Probability and Analysis in Poland Between the Wars' by N H Bingham and
Philip Holgate,
*Biometrika***84**(1997), 159-173. - XLVI. Measure into probability: from Lebesgue to Kolmogorov by N
Bingham,
*Biometrika***87**(2000), 145-156,. - XLVII. Pizzetti's contributions to the statistical analysis of
normally distributed observations, 1891 by A Hald,
*Biometrika***87**(2000), pp. 213-217, - XLVIII. The Bayesian contributions of Ernest Lhoste by L
Broemeling and A Broemeling,
*Biometrika***90**(2003), 728-731,

### STUDIES IN THE HISTORY OF STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY

#### AUTHOR INDEX

##### (Page numbers in italics are in Volume II)

Arbuthnott, J,

*30*

Barnard, G A, 131

Bayes, T R, 131

Bernoulli, D, 155

Brush, S G,*347*

Cramér, H,*437*

David, F N, 1

Daw, R H,*63*

Eisenhart, C,*88*

Euler, L, 155

FitzPatrick, P J,*180*

Greenwood, M, 47

Haldane, J B S, 427

Hasofer, A M, 39

Heyde, C C,*406*

Kendall, D G,*383*

Kendall, M G, 19, 35, 37, 45, 155, 183, 253, 257, 419, 439,*35*,*51*,*331*,*337*

Kopf, E W,*310*

Lancaster, H O,*293*

Lazarsfeld, P F,*213*

Lord, H D, 251

McMullem, L, 355

Maunder, W F, 459

Pearson, E S, 323, 339, 360, 405, 455,*63*

Pearson, K, 185, 265, 479

Plackett, R L, 121,*279*

Rabinovich, N L,*15*,*21*

Royston, E, 173

Sambursky, S,*1*

S&\uml;rndel, C-E,*419*

Seal, H L, 207,*24*,*67*

Seneta, E,*406*

Seng Y P,*446*

Sheynin, O B, 231,*101*,*105*,*328*

Stigler, S M,*271*,*416*

Thatcher, R, 127

Westergaard, H,*133*

Williams, C B, 241

Zarkovic, S S,*482*,*486*

*Revised 18 August 2004* - XXIII. Cauchy and the Witch of Agnesi: An historical note on the
Cauchy distribution by S M Stigler,