MA Comparative Business Economics, UCL
BSc (Hons) Economics, University of Liverpool
BSc (Hons) Economics, Xi’an Jiaotong Liverpool University
Inequality in China’s current pension system: analysing urban-rural difference and the gender gap
Rapid economic development and urbanisation brings about various social issues, especially for elderly people. China has become an ageing society and, despite the developing economy, still lacks much crucial infrastructure. Elderly people living in rural areas are particularly disadvantaged. Many have to work to an advanced age to make a living, without the support of their children who have migrated to cities for work. Problems such as financial and emotional security, and the difference in pension between urban and rural areas need to be urgently addressed.
The gender gap is a sub-section of inequality which should be considered as part of the urban-rural divide. Public pension programmes provide unequal benefits to males and females, even within the same welfare schemes. Further study of sociology and social policy, especially questions of ageing and welfare, will help contribute to an improved old-age welfare system and a fair policy on the treatment of elderly people in China.
School for Business and Society