Wednesday 20 November 2013, 5.30PM
Speaker(s): Dr Julian Parkhill, The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute
The last few years have seen a revolution in the cost and speed of sequencing DNA. Over just a few years, we have moved from being able to slowly sequence one genome at a time, to the current state-of-the-art, where high-throughput technologies allow us to sequence the genomes of hundreds of bacterial strains simultaneously. This power allows us to find the very small differences that accumulate in genomes over time, and use these changes to reconstruct the recent ancestry of any disease-causing strain. This history tells us where these pathogens have come from, how they have travelled, and how they have avoided the obstacles, such as antibiotics and vaccines, that we have tried to put in their way. This approach can be used on a global scale to see how epidemics of, for example, cholera (caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae) arise. It can also be used on a local scale to investigate outbreaks of MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococus aureus) within a single hospital, and should soon allow us to rapidly identify and prevent such outbreaks.
Host: Marjan Van der Woude
Location: P/X001 Physics