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As a geoarchaeologist I am interested in soil science, palaeoecology, geomorphological process and human-environmental interactions and resource pressures across agricultural and settlement landscapes. My background in environmental science has allowed me to develop my skills in soil micromorphology and inorganic geochemical analysis while gaining a wide variety of analytical and practical applications.
I was a Postdoctoral Research Associate on the ERC-funded ‘Archaeology of Agricultural Resilience in Eastern Africa’ project (AAREA) from 2014-2018. My research, in the larger ERC funded project, has aimed to determine the sustainability of agricultural systems through geoarchaeology and environmental studies. In doing so, the application of archaeological research and its generated data aimed to provide a greater understanding of long term agricultural resilience and the management strategies that can inform future policy decisions on agricultural development leading to increased food security.
Prior to this my PhD research at the University of York (2010-2014) was within the multidisciplinary ERC-funded InterArChive project. The aim of my research was to investigate the effects that archaeological, specifically historical UK and European, human inhumations have on the surrounding soil environment, with soil micromorphology and inorganic chemical analysis being used to analyse soil samples collected specifically identified locations around single and mass burials.
During the latter stages of my PhD I also worked in the soil thin section laboratory at the University of Stirling as a Soil Thin Section Technician, under the guidance of George Macleod to gain knowledge of different geoarchaeological processing, analyses and reporting procedures.
Iles, L., Stump, D., Heckmann, M., Lang, C., Lane P. J. 2018 Iron production and environmental change in North Pare, Tanzania: geoarchaeological and archaeometallurgical insights. African Archaeology Review (Submitted)
Lang, C. and Stump, D., 2017. Geoarchaeological evidence for the construction, irrigation, cultivation, and resilience of 15 th--18 th century AD terraced landscape at Engaruka, Tanzania. Quaternary Research, 88(3), pp.382-399.
Ferro-Vázquez, C., Lang, C., Kaal, J. and Stump, D., 2017. When is a terrace not a terrace? The importance of understanding landscape evolution in studies of terraced agriculture. Journal of environmental management, 202, pp.500-513.
Wright, D.K., MacEachern, S., Choi, J., Choi, J.H., Lang, C. and Djoussou, J.M.D., 2017. Iron Age Landscapes of the Benue River Valley, Cameroon. Journal of Field Archaeology, 42(5), pp.394-407.
Pickering, M., Lang, C., Usai, M.R., Keely, B. and Brothwell, D. 2014. Organic residue analysis of soils. In: Loe, L., Boyle, A., Webb, H. and Score, D. (Eds.) “Given to the ground”: a Viking age mass grave on Ridgeway Hill, Weymouth. Oxbow Books.
My research interests centre on the anthropogenic effects that can be identified through the narrative of soil/sediments. Through techniques of soil thin section micromorphology and the application of soil inorganic analysis these narratives can be exposed to reveal long-term human-environmental relationships and processes across landscapes.
Teaching I have been involved in at the University of York includes:
Tutor and module developer of the ‘for pleasure’ courses for the Centre for Lifelong Learning: