Dr Marilyn Crawshaw

BSc (Soc) (London), CQSW & DipApplSocStudies (Sheffield), MA (Bradford), PhD (York)

  • Honorary Fellow

Profile

Areas of expertise

  • Impact of reproductive health matters on individual and family life over the lifespan, in particular where this involves donor assisted conception and surrogacy arrangements
  • Psycho-social aspects of teenage and young adult cancer experience, including cancer-related fertility issues
  • Knowledge transfer
  • I also have close links with NGOs in Uganda and Pakistan working variously on HIV/AIDS and community development work with women and children.  For several years now, I have been responsible for arranging social work field placements in Uganda.
  • Within all these areas, I am especially interested in human rights aspects.

Academic biography

One key strand to my research and teaching has been to further understanding of personal experience, especially in the fields of donor assisted conception, surrogacy and adoption, and of teenage and young adult cancer.  There is growing awareness of the psycho-social implications both of new family forms resulting from reproductive technologies and of surviving cancer treatment (including where this results in fertility impairment).  I have conducted several studies that attempt to extend such understanding by, for example, looking at the experiences of donor-conceived adults searching for information about their genetic relatives, parents’ intentions regarding openness with their donor conceived children, the effectiveness of adoption preparation systems, social workers’ experiences with Parental Order applications following surrogacy, the transition to adulthood following cancer and comparative experiences of cancer-related fertility impairment across ethnic and religious contexts.

The other main strand to my work is knowledge-informed practice.  For many years, I ran a regional ‘arm’ of Making Research Count, working with social services and health to enable them to make more effective use of findings from research and from experiences of professionals, service users and carers.  Here at York we developed a unique model of delivery, informed by social work education experiences and systemic approaches.  Understanding how individual practitioners integrate new knowledge into their practice has aided understanding of similar processes at team, agency and inter agency level.  I retain a close interest in fieldwork practice teaching.

Professional activities

  • Chair of British Association of Social Workers multi-agency group PROGAR (Project Group on Assisted Reproduction)
  • Member of expert advisory group to the HFEA on developing pilot intermediary services to adults seeking information from the HFEA Register
  • Editor, Practice Guide Series for British Infertility Counselling Association
  • Trustee, PAC-UK, national adoption support agency
  • Editorial Member, Human Fertility Board
  • Chair, UK Friends of Khwendo Kor, Pakistan
  • Adviser to Positive Men’s Union of Uganda (POMU)
  • Joint co-ordinator of the Friends of the Protective Fellows Scheme for Human Rights Defenders at Risk and Member of the Board of the Scheme, Centre for Applied Human Rights, University of York

 

Research

Research projects

Recently concluded research includes:

  • Conducting, with multi-disciplinary colleagues at the Universities of Huddersfield, Liverpool and Middlesex, a survey-based study of the experiences of donor conceived adults and donors seeking information exchange and contact through a DNA-based voluntary register
  • Undertaking, with multi-disciplinary colleagues at De Montfort University Leicester, a survey of changes in patterns of surrogacy presenting at UK licensed assisted conception centres.

 In addition, I am currently engaged in:

  • Delivering a research, practice and theory based psychosocial session to prospective parents considering the use of donor conception
  • Advising the Positive Men’s Union of Uganda (POMU) on the development of a Partnership Matching Scheme for adults living with HIV/AIDS
  • Writing papers on international surrogacy with colleagues from the University of Huddersfield and Griffith University Australia
  • Developing models of assessment and preparation for those contemplating surrogacy arrangements
  • Contributing through its steering group to the Human Rights City Network, York, which seeks to gain ’human rights city’ status for York by 2017

PhD supervision

I am no longer available as primary supervisor for PhD students but continue to act as a member of Thesis Advisory Panels with a particular interests in: Health and disability related matters (including in particular the impact of cancer); reproductive health related issues (including assisted conception and donor conception related issues); gender focussed areas; anti-oppressive practice; knowledge transfer; practice learning. 

Publications

Recent publications

Evolving minimum standards in responsible international sperm donor offspring quota’ Reproductive Bio-Medicine Online DOI: Available online

Akker OBA, Crawshaw MA, Blyth ED, and Frith LJ (2015) Expectations and experiences of gamete donors and donor-conceived adults searching for genetic relatives using DNA linking through a voluntary register Human Reproduction Vol 30 No 1, 111-121

Eric Blyth, Marilyn Crawshaw and Patricia Fronek (2015) Reform of UK surrogacy laws: the need for evidence BioNews Commentary 813 http://www.bionews.org.uk/page.asp?obj_id=553051&PPID=553260&sid=141

Blyth E. and Crawshaw M (2015) Breaches of the HFEA's donor 'ten family' limit - who should be told what? BioNews 786 (Available online)  19 January

Marilyn Crawshaw, Ken Daniels, Damian Adams, Kate Bourne, J.A.P. van Hooff, Wendy Kramer, Lauri Pasch, Petra Thorn (2015) Emerging models for facilitating contact between people genetically related through donor conception: a preliminary analysis and discussion Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online 1 (2015)  pp. 71-80  DOI information: 10.1016/j.rbms.2015.10.001

Wendy Norton, Marilyn Crawshaw, Nicky Hudson, Lorraine Culley, Caroline Law (2015) A survey of UK fertility clinics' approach to surrogacy arrangements Reproductive Biomedicine Online 31, 327-338 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.rbmo.2015.06.009

Atkin K., Chattoo, S. And Crawshaw, M. (2014) Clinical encounters and culturally competent practice: the challenges of providing cancer and infertility care Policy and Politics Vol 42, No 4, 581-596

Fronek, P., Crawshaw, M., Blyth, E., & Elvin, A. (2014). International surrogacy: A report from the roundtable. The Bulletin, Australian Association of Social Workers, Winter, 30-31

Crawshaw, Marilyn and Wallbank J (2014) Is the birth registration system fit for purpose? The rights of donor conceived adults to access information about biological as well as legal parentage. Family Law August Vol 44 pp1069-1216

Marilyn Crawshaw, Patricia Fronek, Eric Blyth and Andy Elvin (2014) ‘What are children’s ‘best interests’ in international surrogacy?’ article for BASW Knowledge and Publications Available online

Crawshaw, Marilyn (2014) Oncofertility concerns across the lifespan – a multidisciplinary response Oncofertility Cancer Knowledge Network (Canada) E-Newsletter Issue 4 March Available online 

Blyth, E., Crawshaw M. And van den Akker O. (2014) What are the best interests of the child in international surrogacy? BioNews Commentary 742 Available online

Fronek P. And Crawshaw M. (2014) The ‘new’ family as an emerging norm: A commentary on the position of social work in assisted reproduction British Journal of Social Work doi:10.1093/bjsw/bct198

Crawshaw M. and Montuschi O. (2014) It ‘did what it said on the tin’ - Participants’ Views of the content and process of Donor Conception Parenthood Preparation Workshops Human Fertility 17, 1, 11-20

Wilde,  R., McTavish, A. and Crawshaw, M. (2014) Family Building using Donated Gametes and Embryos in the UK: Recommendations for Policy and Practice on behalf of the British Fertility Society and the British Infertility Counselling Association  and in collaboration with the Association of Clinical Embryologists and the Royal College of Nurses Fertility Nurses Forum Human Fertility 17, 1, 1-10

Emma Cresswell and Marilyn Crawshaw (2013) Emma’s story – Why a review of birth registration is needed. Journal of Fertility Counselling Issue 3, Vol 20, pp18-19

Marilyn Crawshaw, Eric Blyth and Olga van den Akker  Research Update: Recent research into surrogacy arrangements- implications for infertility counselling Journal of Fertility Counselling Winter Issue 2, Vol 20, 2013 pp 20-22

Crawshaw, M. (2013) Male coping with cancer-fertility issues – Putting the ‘social’ into biopsychosocial approaches Reproductive Biomedicine Online DOI: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2013.04.017 Invited for special edn

Marilyn Crawshaw, Eric Blyth, Lucy Frith and Caroline Jones (2013) Research Update: What is known about the views of donor-conceived children and adults and what are the implications for infertility counselling practice? Journal of Fertility Counselling Issue 1, Vol 20, Spring pp 22-25

Marilyn Crawshaw, Eric Blyth and Olga van den Akker (2013) The ethics and aesthetics of paid surrogacy Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Midwifery News Summer Issue 39, March p 20-23

Crawshaw, M. and Montuschi, O. (2013) 'Participants' Views of Attending Parenthood Preparation Workshops for those contemplating donor conception parenthood', Journal of Infant and Reproductive Psychology. DOI:10.1080/02646838.2012.748886. Available online via Taylor and Francis.

Crawshaw, M. (2013) 'Psychosocial oncofertility issues faced by adolescents and young adults over their lifetime: a review of the research', Human Fertility Special Edition. DOI: 10.3109/14647273.2012.733480. Invited paper.

Crawshaw, M., Gunter, C., Tidy, C. and Atherton, F. (2013) 'Working with previously anonymous gamete donors and donor-conceived adults: recent practice experiences of running the DNA-based voluntary information exchange and contact register, UK DonorLink', Human Fertility Special Edition. DOI: 10.3109/14647273.2012.731714. Invited paper.

Crawshaw, M. and Hunt, J. (2012) 'Spot the odd one out: The missing place at the donor conception table', BioNews Commentary 666. Available online.

Crawshaw, M., Blyth, E. and van den Akker, O. (2012) 'The changing profile of surrogacy in the UK – Implications for national and international policy and practice', Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 34(3), 265-275. DOI:10.1080/09649069.2012.750478.

Blyth, E., Crawshaw, M., Frith, L. and Jones, C. (2012) ‘Donor-conceived people’s views and experiences of their genetic origins: a critical analysis of the research evidence’, Journal of Law and Medicine, 19(4), June, 769-789, invited paper.

Crawshaw, M. and Dally, J. (2012) ‘Producing sperm, egg and embryo donors’ pen portraits and other personal information for later use by donor offspring: an exploratory study of professional practices’, Human Fertility, 15(2), 82-88.

Crawshaw, M., Purewal, S., and van den Akker, O. (2012) ‘Working at the margins: The views and experiences of court social workers on Parental Orders’ work in surrogacy arrangements’ British Journal of Social Work. Available online via Oxford Journals.

Purewal, S., Crawshaw, M. and van den Akker, O. (2012) ‘Completing the surrogate motherhood process: The experiences of Parental Order Reporters’, Human Fertility, 15(2), 94-99.

Crawshaw, M. and Merricks, W. (2012) ‘Donor information – Time for a Debate’, BioNews Commentary, 646, 27th February 2012. Available online via BioNews.

Crawshaw, M., Purewal, S., and van den Akker, O. (2011) Research study by University of York and Middlesex University: The experiences and views of Parental Order Reporters (PORs) on surrogacy arrangementsKey Findings (PDF  , 208kb)‌  

Crawshaw, M. (2011) ‘BBC documentary shows why we need UK DonorLink’, BioNews Commentary, 30th August 2011.

Blyth, E. and Crawshaw, M. (2011) ‘Countdown begins for ending donor anonymity in British Columbia: Lessons for us all?BioNews Commentary, 6th June 2011

Crawshaw, M. and Balen, R. (2011) ‘Commentary on ‘Sperm preservation in children: A prescription for consistency with both child protection and criminal law’ by Wheeler, et al.’, Clinical Risk, 17: 58-9.
 
Crawshaw, M. (2011) ‘Donor registers and donor linking services: What can the UK learn from Australia and New Zealand?’, Journal of Fertility Counselling, 18(1): 41-45.

Crawshaw, M. and Adams, D. (2011) ‘Rising from the Ashes: Two countries, two reviews of donor conception services - Australia leads the wayBioNews Commentary, 21 February 2011. 

Crawshaw, M. (2011) Report on trip to Australia and New Zealand July to September 2011 to study Donor Register and Donor linking services. Available online (PDF  , 355kb)

Blyth, E., Crawshaw, M., Frith, L., Jones, C. and Martin, N. (2011) ‘No ‘brownie’ points for ill-conceived Donation Review’, BioNews Commentary, 31 January 2011. 

Chattoo, S., Crawshaw, M. and Atkin, K. (2010) The experience of cancer-related fertility impairment among people of South Asian and White origin: A research report for Cancer Research UK C8351/A9005Available online (PDF  , 3,351kb)

Chattoo, S., Crawshaw, M. and Atkin, K. (2010) Experiences of cancer-related fertility concerns among people of South Asian and White origin Summary paper. University of York/ Cancer Research UK. Available online (PDF  , 524kb)

Crawshaw, M., Chattoo, S., and Atkin, K. (2010) Experiences of cancer-related fertility concerns among people of South Asian and White origin: Summary for professionals. University of York/ Cancer Research UK. Available online (PDF  , 407kb)

Crawshaw, M. and Adams, D. (2010) ‘The ‘donated’ generation – action now not formal apology later’, BioNews Commentary,29 November 2010.

Blyth, E., Crawshaw, M., Frith, L., Jones, C., and Speirs, J. (2010) ‘Wither the HFEA and the fate of donor registers’, BioNews Commentary. 23 August 2010.

Crawshaw, M. and Balen, R. (eds) (2010) Adopting after Infertility – Messages from Practice, Research and Personal Experience. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Crawshaw, M. and Balen, R. (2010) ‘Where infertility arises from a prior health condition – Fit to adopt?’, in Crawshaw, M. and Balen, R. (eds) Adopting after Infertility – Messages from Practice, Research and Personal Experience. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers, pp 55-68.

Crawshaw, M. (2010) ‘Assessing infertile couples for adoption: Just what does ‘coming to terms with infertility’ mean?’ , in Crawshaw, M. and Balen, R. (eds) Adopting after Infertility – Messages from Practice, Research and Personal Experience. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. pp 68-89.

Crawshaw, M. and Sloper, P. (2010) ''Swimming against the tide' - the influence of fertility matters on the transition to adulthood or survivorship following adolescent cancer', European Journal of Cancer Care, 19, 610-620.

Crawshaw M, Glaser A, Hale J and Sloper P (2009) ‘Male and female experiences of having fertility matters raised alongside a cancer diagnosis during the teenage and adult years’, European Journal of Cancer Care 18, 381-390.

Crawshaw M. (2009) ‘The psychological and psycho-social issues surrounding sperm banking’ In Pacey A.A. and Tomlinson M. (eds) Sperm Banking: Theory and Practice Cambridge, Cambridge University Press pp 41-57

Crawshaw M ‘Assisted conception: threat or opportunity’  Squire C (ed)(2009) The Social Context of Birth Second edition Abingdon, Radcliffe Medical Press pp 271-289

Crawshaw M., Glaser A, Hale J and Sloper P (2008) ‘Young males’ experiences of sperm banking following a cancer diagnosis – a qualitative study’ Human Fertility Vol 11 No 4 pp 238-245

Crawshaw M and Marshall L (2008) ‘Practice experiences of running UK DonorLink, a voluntary information exchange and contact register for adults related through donor conception’ Human Fertility Vol 11 No 4 pp 231-237

McEwen J., Crawshaw M., Liversedge A., and Bradley G (2008) ‘Promoting change through research and evidence-based practice: a Knowledge Transfer Partnership project between a university and a local authority’ Evidence and Policy Vol 4 No 4 pp 393-404

Crawshaw M. (2008) ‘Prospective parents’ intentions regarding disclosure following the removal of donor anonymity’ Human Fertility Vol 11(2) pp 95-100

Crawshaw M.A. (2008) “What about my 'right' to choose?" Young people with physical impairments exercising reproductive choice' In Bockenheimer-Lucuis G., Thorn P., and Wendehorst C. Umwege zum eigenen Kind: Ethische und rechtliche Herausforderungen an die Reproduktionsmedizin 30 Jahre nach Louise Brown (‘The Long way to having an own child: Ethical and legal problems 30 years after Louise Brown), Göttinggen, Göttingen University Publishers pp 185-198

Blyth E., Frith L. and Crawshaw M. (2008) 'Ethical objections to sex selection for non-medical reasons’  Reproductive BioMedicine Online Vol 16 Suppl 1 pp41-45

Crawshaw M.A., Glaser A.W. and Pacey A.A. (2007) 'The use of pornographic materials by adolescent male cancer patients when banking sperm in the UK: Legal and ethical dilemmas' Human Fertility Vol 10 No 3 pp159-163

Crawshaw M.A., Blyth E.D. and Daniels K.D. (2007) 'Past semen donors' views about the use of a voluntary contact register' Reproductive BioMedicine Online Vol 14 No 4 pp411-417

Crawshaw M and Sloper P (October 2006) A qualitative study of the experiences of teenagers and young adults when faced with possible or actual fertility impairment following cancer treatment ISBN: 1 872159 36 2 Department of Social Policy & Social Work, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK; SPSW Publications.

Wincott E and Crawshaw MA (2006) ‘From a social issue to policy: social work's advocacy for the rights of donor conceived people to genetic origins information in the UK’ In Social Work in Health Care Vol 43 no 2/3 p53-72

Balen R and Crawshaw M (eds)(2006) Sexuality and Fertility in Ill Health and Disability: From early adolescence to adulthood London, Jessica Kingsley

Shaw N., Crawshaw M., Glaser A., Morgan S. and Pacey A. (2005) ‘The views of adolescents who have had cancer treatment about fertility and fertility preservation: a UK perspective’ Pediatric and Blood Cancer 145 (4): 581

Crawshaw M and Wates M (2005) ‘Mind the gap – a case study for changing organisational responses to disabled parents and their families using evidence based practice’ Research Policy and Planning Vol 23 no 2 pp111-122

Crawshaw M and Hale J (2005) ‘Sperm storage and the adolescent male: A multi-disciplinary approach’ Human Fertility September, 8(3) 175-176

Daniels K, Blyth E, Crawshaw M and Curson (R 2005) ‘Short Communication: Previous Semen Donors and their views regarding the sharing of information with their offspring’ Human Reproduction Vol 20, No 6, pp1670-1675

Blyth ED, Crawshaw MA and Daniels K (2004): ‘Policy formation in gamete donation and egg sharing in the UK – A critical appraisal’ Social Science and Medicine 59(2004) 2617-2626

Glaser AW Phelan L, Crawshaw M, Jagdev S, JK Hale (2004) ‘Fertility preservation in adolescent males with cancer in the United Kingdom: A survey of practice’ Archives of Disease in Childhood, 89, 736-737

Crawshaw MA, Glaser AW, Hale JK and Sloper P (2004) ‘Professionals’ Views on the issues and challenges arising from providing a fertility preservation service through sperm banking to teenage males with cancer’ in Human Fertility, March 2004, 7(1):23-30

Feast J and Crawshaw M (2004) ‘Work in Progress’ ‘Long term implications for families formed by surrogacy or donor-assisted conception Adoption & Fostering Vol 28 Number 1 2004 pp73-75

Bell M, Crawshaw M and Wilson K (2202) Adoption Reform, Diversity and Delay in Adoption and Fostering Vol 26 No 3 pp 8-18

Crawshaw M (2002) ‘Disabled People’s Access to Social Work Education: Ways and Means of Promoting Environmental Change’ In Social Work Education­ Vol 21, No 5, 503-514

Blyth E, Crawshaw M, Haase J and Speirs J (2001) Managing Genetic Origins Information in third party assisted conception: lessons from adoption Child and Family Social Work, Vol 6 Issue 4 295-304

Dr Marilyn Crawshaw

Contact details

Dr Marilyn Crawshaw
Honorary Fellow

Tel: 01904 702060