Research for children with reading difficulties in the Centre for Reading and Language shows that the reading and spelling problems of dyslexics are related to deficits in phonological language skills. These results contributed to the recommendation of the Independent Review of the Teaching of Early Reading commissioned by the Department for Education and Skills of the importance of high-quality phonics work.
Research for children with difficulties with working memory – the ability to hold and manipulate information in mind for brief periods of time – in the Centre for Working Memory and Learning shows that difficulties have a pervasive influence on the performance of children in the classroom, but that working memory can be improved with training.
Research for profoundly deaf children by the Auditory Perception and Hearing Health Care Research Group shows that two cochlear implants lead to better skills in spatial listening than does one cochlear implant, and that the additional benefits are probably large enough to justify the additional cost of the second implant. These results contributed to the decision by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence to recommend that young deaf children receive two cochlear implants rather than one.