|1999 -||Emeritus Professor||University of York|
|1990 - 1996||Deputy Vice-Chancellor||University of York|
|1970 - 1999||Professor||University of York|
|1964 - 1970||Lecturer||University of York|
|1961||DPhil||University of Oxford|
|1956||BA Zoology||University of Oxford|
The mechanical properties of mineralised tissues, especially bone in all its manifestations and particularly, at the moment, deer antler. The role of microdamage in determining the toughness of bone
Using Speckle interferometry we have shown that the Young’s modulus of bone is slightly (6%) greater in tension than in compression. Using standard mechanical testing we have found that the mechanical properties of dry antler (the state it is in when used in fights) is peculiarly tough, which is of great use during the initial clash of antlers in fights.