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I was born and brought up in London, in the featureless suburb of Ilford, which lies on the eastern borderland between the great metropolis and rural Essex, where one was constantly beckoned towards a more exciting world beyond the immediate horizon. It was later renamed Redbridge, a fact that I am reminded of whenever I use the London Underground and look at the map of the Central Line heading East.
When I was 10, my family moved to Bristol, and I spent my teenage years at Bristol Grammar School and came to know a very different part of England, with some of the finest and most varied landscapes in the country on all sides of a great city with a colourful maritime history, and a very fine combination of Georgian architecture, the Downs and its green spaces overlooking the Avon Gorge, and Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Clifton Suspension Bridge.
As I prepared to go to University, my family returned to the London area, and I went on a year of travels before going up to Cambridge, where I had been offered a College Scholarship largely on the strength of my ability to translate Latin prose and convert the second leader of the Times editorial into Greek verse.
My archaeological interests have a mixed genealogy, an early enthusiasm for solving jigsaw puzzles and making clay models of dinosaurs almost before I could read and write, regular cycling trips during my Bristol years into the surrounding countryside in search of geological and archaeological sites, most memorably the Triassic fossils at Aust Cliff on the River Severn, a sixth-form specialisation in Ancient History and Classical languages, which offered an entry into a different universe beyond the seemingly rather claustrophobic confines of the modern world, and a youthful interest in human evolution and the writings of Charles Darwin.
In 1967, before going up to University, I invited myself onto a Palaeolithic cave excavation in Greece with Eric Higgs, after seeing a BBC television programme 'The Springs of St. George' about his work. This, I thought, would be a good way of hitching a ride to see some of the places I had learned about in my classical education, and also of discovering if archaeology involved anything more than the study of rather dull and dusty objects and holes in the ground – social anthropology was then my first choice of University subject. That experience opened up a new vista of different ideas, peoples, times and places, which has informed my world view, interests and career ever since.
In Cambridge, I stayed for 29 years, as Undergraduate, Research Student, Research Fellow, University Lecturer, College Fellow and Senior Tutor, except for spells of overseas fieldwork including a year in Australia during my PhD research, until I decided it was time to take up a new challenge, moving to the Chair of Archaeology at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne in 1996.
Newcastle is a distinctive northern city with its own proud traditions and identity, reminding me of my Bristol days with its unique city-scape and Town Moor, its Tyne bridges marking a famous history of engineering invention associated with the names of Stephenson and Armstrong, and its magnificent countryside on every hand including the hidden gem of the Northumberland coast. Newcastle continues to be my home base.
In 2004 I moved to take up my present position at the University of York as the holder of a new Anniversary Chair created to mark the University's 40th anniversary.
2004 Anniversary Chair of Archaeology, University of York
1996 Chair of Archaeology and Head of Department, University of Newcastle upon Tyne
1990 Senior Tutor, Clare Hall, Cambridge
1981 Lecturer, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge
1976 Assistant Lecturer, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge
1974 Research Fellow (Early History of Agriculture Project), University of Cambridge
2014 Member of the Academia Europaea
2010 Corresponding Member of the Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Römisch-Germanische Kommission
1997 Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne
1996 Life Member of Clare Hall, Cambridge
1989 Fellow of Clare Hall, Cambridge
1987 Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries
1986 Member of the Institute for Archaeologists
2011 Principal Investigator, European Research Council Advanced Grant
2009 Chairman, European Union Cooperation in Science and Technology Trans-domain Action TD0902
2001 Leverhulme Trust Major Research Fellowship, University of Newcastle upon Tyne
1992 Sir Robert Menzies Trust Australian Bicentennial Fellowship, Australian National University
1986 Leverhulme Trust Research Fellowship, University of Cambridge
1974 British Academy Research Fellowship, University of Cambridge
1973 Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, Senior Research Studentship
1971 Royal Society Leverhulme Trust Studentship in Overseas Research, University of Sydney
1970 Major State Studentship for Postgraduate Research, University of Cambridge
1967 Open Scholarship in Classics, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge
2009 ERC Advanced Grant Panel SH6: The Study of the Human Past: Archaeology, History and Memory
2006 AHRC Convening Panel: Landscape and Environment Strategic Programme
2004 AHRC Peer Review College
2000 AHRB Postgraduate Studentships Panel for Classics, Ancient History and Archaeology
1985 SERC Science Based Archaeology Committee (SBAC)
1976 PhD (Cantab.) 'The Role of Shell Middens in Prehistoric Economies'
1974 MA (Cantab.)
1970 BA (Cantab.) in Archaeology (1st Class)
Member: Departmental Research Committee
I have world-wide interests in all aspects of coastal prehistory, in shell middens as the most durable archaeological expression of past coastal settlement, and in the ways in which coastal environments, marine resources and geologically unstable landscapes more generally have shaped human lives, livelihoods and long-term evolutionary trajectories.
This theme has led me on an intellectual and fieldwork Odyssey from the Mesolithic shell mounds of Europe to those of subtropical Australia, to excavations of Palaeolithic caves in the mountains of northern Greece, to an interest in the role of active tectonics in shaping human landscapes at plate boundaries and rifts in the Mediterranean, the Near East and Africa, and most recently to explorations of Palaeolithic archaeology, shell mounds and submerged landscapes in SW Arabia, the Farasan Islands and the southern Red Sea.
I have published 16 books and >150 scientific papers on these themes, raised £5 million of external peer-reviewed funding, and coordinated major field projects, in particular the Klithi Project on the Paleolithic landscapes of NW Greece, the Africa-Arabia Connections Project and the Southern Red Sea Project. I have also engaged in many smaller projects across the world on these and related issues, notably the Howick and Northumberland Rock Art Projects in Northumberland during my time at Newcastle, renewed work on the Weipa shell mounds of the Cape York Peninsula, and laboratory-based projects on the development of stable-isotope and biomolecular methods of analysis.
These projects have given me considerable experience and insight into the problems of integrating long-term archaeological, geological, palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatic records within a spatial and geographical framework, and the challenges of mounting large-scale research programmes that facilitate international and interdisciplinary collaboration, especially across the science-humanities boundary.
This in its turn has led me into a deeper interest in archaeological theories of time and the influence of time scale, time resolution and time perspective on archaeological data, observations and interpretation, and the relationship between archaeology and other disciplines.
I am currently Principal Investigator of the ERC DISPERSE Project, and Chairman of a European network (COST Action TD0902 SPLASHCOS), which has brought together archaeologists, marine geoscientists, heritage managers and industrial interests from across Europe to promote research and training on the submerged landscapes of the continental shelf, their importance in the larger picture of world prehistory, their potential for providing new information about sea-level change and its past and future human impact, and the need to better manage the underwater cultural heritage in the face of rapidly expanding natural and man-made threats to its survival.
For additional details on my recent research projects, publications and activities, click on 'View my profile in the York Research Database' at the top of this page
The DISPERSE team is a seven-strong group located in York and the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, with a wider membership of external specialists and advisors. See the DISPERSE website for full details
The SPLASHCOS network comprises a Management Committee of 58 archaeologists, marine geoscientists and heritage specialists from 25 European States, and a wider participating membership
Abdullah Alsharekh, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
Saud Al Ghamdi, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
Oliver Craig, Department of Archaeology, University of York
Patricia Fanning, Macquarie University, Australia
Nicholas Flemming, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton
Nena Galanidou, University of Crete, Greece
Yvette Hancock, Department of Physics, University of York
Karen Hardy, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain
Simon Holdaway, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Geoffrey C.P. King, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, France
Kurt Lambeck, Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University
Nicky Milner, Department of Archaeology, University of York
Garry Momber, Maritime Archaeology Trust, Southampton
Eelco Rohling, Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University
Dimitris Sakellariou, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Greece
Anthony Sinclair, Department of Archaeology, Classics and Egyptology, University of Liverpool
Penny Spikins, Department of Archaeology, University of York
Claudio Vita-Finzi, Natural History Museum, London
As I am now on a full-time research contract, I no longer contribute to undergraduate teaching
(Note that this Programme is currently suspended, pending re-organisation)
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